In the book Divine Foreknowledge: Four Views four theologians discuss God’s sovereignty and human responsibility. This article surveys the essay provided by William Lane Craig defending his position called “The Middle-Knowledge View,” also known as “Molinism.” This view depends upon not only the kind of knowledge God has, but also upon when He has it. To help make sense of … Continue reading Middle Knowledge & Molinism
All philosophical conversation, scientific hypotheses, mathematics, and conclusions based on the historical method entail the reality of logical laws. It would be impossible to engage in any of these disciplines if there were not logical absolutes providing parameters to help us reach conclusions that follow from given premises. Here are three fundamental Laws of Logic … Continue reading Logic Is Bedrock
Am I responsible for my beliefs or does something else impose them upon me? What do you believe? How do you know those beliefs you hold are any good (let alone true)? Many philosophers, scientists, and theologians today reject the idea that humans can ever make genuine choices. I freely think they are wrong as it sure seems as … Continue reading Can We Choose Our Beliefs?
Does God exist? Is Christianity true? Is the Bible reliable? These are three of the most important questions a person could ever ask. Even if a skeptic starts with the assumption that the Bible is not reliable, they would probably agree with the Apostle Paul that if Christ has not been raised, then our faith is … Continue reading Jesus Validates the Bible (not the other way around)
Free-Thinking Ministries is committed to getting our theology right. As a pastor in the Evangelical Free Church of America (EFCA) for nearly a decade and I think the EFCA has a pretty good statement of faith. If I had my druthers I would tweak a couple of these statements (especially the ninth statement on eschatology); … Continue reading Justified True Belief: (the EFCA Statement of Faith)
I have spent the majority of my academic career contemplating free will. For over a decade I held the view of theological determinism and labeled myself as a “Calvinist.” For years I rejected the notion that humans were free to think or act in a libertarian sense. I found it interesting that when I began to … Continue reading Compatibilistic Free Will: Can you have your cake & eat it too?
Some in academia today claim that science has “killed God!” They do not mean that in a literal sense. What they hope to communicate is that science has removed need for God, or stronger, that science has demonstrated the non-existence of God. Statements like these lead many to think these two concepts – God and science – … Continue reading God vs. Science
Many atheists exclaim that the existence of natural evil leading to suffering (gratuitous or otherwise) is proof that God does not exist. Is this a logically valid objection? Here’s something to think about: (1) Evil is privation of good (metaphysical evil) (2) Absence of good is evil; to a degree that something is not perfect, … Continue reading Natural Evil & Perfect Being Theology
In December of 2014, after three years of hard work and long hours of study, my colleague, Timothy “Orthodox” Fox, and I finally graduated from Biola University with a couple of Master’s Degrees in Christian Apologetics (both of us graduated with highest honors)! This field of study focuses on logic, science, metaphysics, the historical method, philosophy, … Continue reading An Army of Straw Men
Can Faith Ever Be Knowledge? This is the title and central question to the first chapter of Knowing Christ Today, by Dallas Willard. The questions addressed in this précis will include the following: are Christians more than just “people of faith,” but are we also “people of knowledge?” What is the distinction, and does it even matter? … Continue reading Faith vs. Knowledge