Human Freedom, Divine Knowledge, and Mere Molinism

Foreword Dr. Tim Stratton has the rare and precious gift of taking highly complex issues in philosophical theology and making them easily understandable to laypeople at the same time as he shows their tremendous importance for scholars in the disciplines of philosophy and religion. This book will be profitably and enjoyably read by laypeople and … Continue reading Human Freedom, Divine Knowledge, and Mere Molinism

Reformed Libertarianism: An Alternative to Guillaume Bignon

A few months ago, my friend Tim Stratton at FreeThinking Ministries asked me to write a piece responding to Guillaume Bignon’s form of exhaustive deterministic Calvinism. Bignon is a compatibilist; that is, he is someone who believes that the propositions “God determines all things” and “human beings are free in the morally relevant sense” are … Continue reading Reformed Libertarianism: An Alternative to Guillaume Bignon

Does God Have Middle Knowledge of His Own Actions?

One distinctive feature of Molinism is the idea of Middle Knowledge, whereby God knows what any possible creature would freely do under any possible set of circumstances. Hence, the content of this knowledge is said to include all true Counterfactuals of Creaturely Freedom (CCF). An interesting question arises when we ask ourselves “Does God also … Continue reading Does God Have Middle Knowledge of His Own Actions?

The Freedom to Trick God?

Question: Dear Dr. Tim, On Molinism, once God instantiates the world which he knows agent Agent P will freely choose ‘x’ at ‘t’, Agent P will freely choose ‘x’ at ‘t’. It seems to me that this isn’t a categorical freedom but only freedom in the sense that ‘if God had instantiated a different world … Continue reading The Freedom to Trick God?

Self-Control: The Epitome of Libertarian Freedom

Does God cause and determine all things all the time? Do humans possess libertarian freedom? Christians have been debating these questions for centuries.  What does the Bible teach?  Before answering that question, another question must be answered: What is meant by libertarian freedom?  A person possesses libertarian freedom if they are ever free to think … Continue reading Self-Control: The Epitome of Libertarian Freedom

A French Philosopher VS an American Theologian

A couple of years ago I had the pleasure of meeting a French Calvinistic philosopher named, Guillaume Bignon (Click here to read his amazing transition from atheism to Christianity). While I am thrilled that this brilliant scholar is no longer an atheist, I was shocked to discover that he left one form of exhaustive determinism … Continue reading A French Philosopher VS an American Theologian

The Freethinking Argument VS a Presuppositional Apologist

When debating the FreeThinking Argument with naturalists (those who presuppose nature is all that exists), they often accuse me of being a “presuppositionalist” (a.k.a., “a presupper”)! This means that they incorrectly believe that I am assuming naturalism is false to conclude the supernatural exists. If this were the case, I would be committing a textbook example … Continue reading The Freethinking Argument VS a Presuppositional Apologist

Determinism Refuted Philosophically

Drs. Leighton Flowers, Braxton Hunter, and Tim Stratton (Team USA) come together to refute the French Calvinistic philosopher, Guillaume Bignon’s most recent broadcast on the Revealed Apologetic broadcast hosted by Ely Ayala, in which Bignon brings arguments against Flowers, Hunter, and Stratton’s libertarian perspectives (click here).

Bignon affirms “Theistic Determinism,” the audacious belief that God causally determines all things, including all your choices, desires, thoughts, beliefs, and actions; but yet, mysteriously we are still morally and rationally accountable for those choices, desires, thoughts, beliefs, and actions (ie “Calvinistic Compatibilism”).

Our response is divided into three parts:

Part 1: Determinism refuted Biblically (Hosted by Dr. Flowers at Soteriology 101)

Part 2: Determinism refuted Theologically (Hosted by Dr. Hunter at Trinity Radio)

Part 3: Determinism refuted Philosophically (Hosted by Dr. Stratton at Free Thinking Ministries)

Peter’s Freedom Before the Rooster Crowed

Question Dear Dr. Stratton, You’ve noted that there are some questions that have kept you up at night for long periods of time. The question that has caused me to lose a tremendous amount of sleep is regarding Peter’s freedom to deny or not to deny Jesus three times after Jesus told him that he … Continue reading Peter’s Freedom Before the Rooster Crowed

A Rational Presuppositional Approach to Free Will

I met Tim Stratton when he reached out to me after reading my book Reason and Proper Function: A Response to Alvin Plantinga. He enthusiastically let me know that the argument I presented in that book supports a version of libertarian freedom that he endorses. At first, I wondered “what did I write to support … Continue reading A Rational Presuppositional Approach to Free Will