Are the New Testament Gospels historically reliable? Before we can answer this question, it will be necessary for us to define what we mean by the term “historically reliable.” Many events in ancient literature cannot be verified due to a lack of data. Moreover, the metanarrative in the Gospels is beyond the reach of historians. … Continue reading Are the Gospels Historically Reliable?
The ability to do otherwise is often referred to as the principle of alternative possibilities (PAP). Although it is often argued that the ability to do otherwise is not necessary for libertarian free will (LFW) to obtain, most affirm that the PAP is sufficient for LFW. That is to say, if the PAP is true, … Continue reading Freethinking Needs the PAP
In my lengthy essay entitled The Apologetic Significance of Molinism, I surveyed many arguments in the “cumulative case” that apologists possess in their repertoire supporting the truth of Christian theism. The focus of that project was to show how each of these arguments either presuppose a key ingredient of Molinism or are strengthened by this … Continue reading The Kalam’s Illumination of Molinism
Summary: In the movie Calvinist the interviewees (ostensibly) argue in favor of the doctrine of perseverance of the saints (hereafter, PS). Since the interviewees are compatibilists, I presuppose that they intend to argue in favor of a model of PS according to which Christians persevere through the means of determinism (hereafter I shall refer to this … Continue reading Responding to the Movie “Calvinist” (Part 5): Perseverance of the Saints
Summary: In the movie “Calvinist” several interlocutors take the position of irresistible grace, which they take to mean that regeneration logically precedes faith in the process of salvation. In this article, I demonstrate that they commit several logical fallacies in their argumentation. I show that the text used to support irresistible grace does not fulfill … Continue reading Responding to the Movie “Calvinist” (Part 4): Irresistible Grace
Summary: Although the apologist James White has argued against Molinism by accusing it of denigrating the sovereignty of God, failing to countenance the card-dealer objection, and being unbiblical, this essay will demonstrate that White’s arguments seem to be poorly elaborated and are invalid. Moreover, White fails to provide any meaningful alternative that makes sense of … Continue reading Molinism and Creaturely Essences: A Response to James White (Part 2)
Before I devoted my life to the ministry of defense (apologetics), I spent most of my time studying self-defense and martial arts. When I was twelve years old (back in the mid 80s) I started studying Tae Kwon Do. In my college years I earned a black belt in Karate, and after that I studied … Continue reading Tactics & Theological Disputes
Middle knowledge is a concept that describes how God sovereignly operates in time with free agents. These days, many individuals attempt to claim what innovative theologians say about the theological concepts they espouse with little interaction with the actual theologian. I think it is imperative that individuals engage with primary sources as much as it … Continue reading Molina’s 4 Proofs for Middle Knowledge
One of the most well-known New Testament scholars to graduate from Moody Bible Institute is Bart Ehrman. He has a powerful influence over many young minds today as he is a professor at the University of North Carolina and has written many best sellers about Jesus. What is surprising, however, is that Ehrman is not … Continue reading Bart Ehrman & the God of Christmas
Question: Dear Tim, I just finished reading your “Dangerous Grounds” article and I could use a little clarification. Can you please further explain why it is that if God does not possess knowledge of creaturely freedom logically prior to his creative decree, then the only two options we are left with are open theism or “exhaustive … Continue reading Is God’s Knowledge Like a Box of Chocolates?