The Vanishing “I”

Question: Tim, you suggest that the determinist would probably think, or be committed to thinking, that either God or nature evaluates our beliefs (one of these is “the ‘thing’ evaluating and judging” our beliefs). But at the same time, you allow that on determinism we have mental states, presumably including these evaluative mental states (about … Continue reading The Vanishing “I”

The “Hardware” of Life Argument

“I can see the fingerprints of God When I look at you I can see the fingerprints of God And I know its true You’re a masterpiece That all creation quietly applauds And you’re covered with the fingerprints of God” ~from Fingerprints of God, by Stephen Curtis Chapman     The common scientific view of … Continue reading The “Hardware” of Life Argument

Should Christians Reject the Soul for Biblical Reasons?

Question Dear Dr. Erasmus, Tim Stratton shared your post, Objections to the Existence of the Soul, to the UK Apologetics and Evangelism Facebook group, of which I am a member. In that group, there is a very knowledgeable Christian who does not seem to believe in the existence of a soul yet says he is not a … Continue reading Should Christians Reject the Soul for Biblical Reasons?

Objections to the Existence of the Soul

In a recent blog post, Professor Keith Parsons offers three reasons for why (he thinks) the soul does not exist. (You might recall that Parsons debated William Lane Craig in 1998). Since Parsons’ objections to substance dualism (for simplicity, I will hereafter refer to substance dualism simply as ‘dualism’) seem rather common among lay atheists, … Continue reading Objections to the Existence of the Soul

Emergence (Part 2): Responding to the Atheist Foe

It seems that emergent naturalists want to etch out a middle ground somewhere between reductive materialism and theism. They acknowledge that reductive materialism fails to explain key aspects of reality such as morality and consciousness, but they do not want to go so far as to posit an infinite-personal God who stands above and beyond … Continue reading Emergence (Part 2): Responding to the Atheist Foe

Emergence (Part 1): Friend, or New Atheist Foe?

Introduction & Background Christians have often used objective morality and human consciousness as building blocks from which to craft arguments for God’s existence.[1] This is usually done by arguing that theism provides a better explanation for these two phenomena than the most popular form of naturalism, that is, reductive materialism.[2] Reductive materialism claims that the … Continue reading Emergence (Part 1): Friend, or New Atheist Foe?

Las Vegas & Lack of Belief

The Monday morning of October 2nd, 2017, America awoke to horrible news that some are calling “The Las Vegas Massacre.” At this early point in the investigation it seems as if a “lone wolf” booked a hotel room on the 32nd floor of the Mandalay Bay. From this elevated position, and after weeks of meticulous … Continue reading Las Vegas & Lack of Belief

5 Arguments For the Existence of Free Will

Free Will is a topic debated among Christians and even some non-Christians. The Christians who affirm that men have free will in the libertarian sense are typically Arminians, Molinists, and Open Theists. Christians who deny free will in the libertarian sense generally fall into the Calvinist camp. I have argued elsewhere that libertarian free will is the … Continue reading 5 Arguments For the Existence of Free Will

Modern Thinkers Increasingly Confirm a Designed Universe

The idea that the universe might bear some marks of design has traditionally been denied in academic circles. Evolutionary Biologist Richard Dawkins has famously stated that:  “The universe that we observe has precisely the properties we should expect if there is, at bottom, no design, no purpose, no evil, no good, nothing but pitiless indifference.” [“God’s … Continue reading Modern Thinkers Increasingly Confirm a Designed Universe

A Revised Free Thinking Argument: Two Birds with One Stone

One thing that has always surprised me is how some Calvinists align themselves with atheists to argue against a common foe: Molinism! That is to say, many Calvinists affirm that God exhaustively causally determines all things. This is not some straw man I am inventing. In his recent essay, notable Calvinist, Matthew J. Hart affirms this … Continue reading A Revised Free Thinking Argument: Two Birds with One Stone