Is the Freethinking Argument Question Begging?

Question: Dear Tim, I will try to be as concise and brief as possible. I am a Christian and my question is concerning free will, determinism, Molinism and of course, with respect to your Argument of Freethinking against Naturalism. The Freethinking Argument Against Naturalism is formulated as follows:   1- If naturalism is true, the immaterial … Continue reading Is the Freethinking Argument Question Begging?

Captain America & the Moral Argument

The Marvel Movie franchise is arguably the most epic enterprise in movie history. The series has a number of stand-out characters, however, two stand out more than the others. In fact, their differences stand in such firm relief so as to culminate in a film where they were driven toe-to-toe whilst still harboring a slight underlying … Continue reading Captain America & the Moral Argument

Atheism is Un-American

It is often purported that America was not founded on “religion” and that there is a “separation of church and state.” Thus, any discussion about God in public schools (for example) will swiftly be dealt with by the ACLU. But, since the ACLU stands for the *American* civil liberties union, it is pertinent to consider the … Continue reading Atheism is Un-American

Was Quine Naturalizing Epistemology?

Abstract: Naturalized Epistemology is usually seen as Quine’s attempt to move epistemology away from philosophy to science. Some ill-advised Naturalists make use of Quine’s response to Carnap to justify the “end of Philosophy” (or at least Epistemology), and to affirm the primacy of Naturalistic Scientism over other disciplines. Nevertheless, I suggest that such readings of … Continue reading Was Quine Naturalizing Epistemology?

The Vanishing “I”

Question: Tim, you suggest that the determinist would probably think, or be committed to thinking, that either God or nature evaluates our beliefs (one of these is “the ‘thing’ evaluating and judging” our beliefs). But at the same time, you allow that on determinism we have mental states, presumably including these evaluative mental states (about … Continue reading The Vanishing “I”

The “Hardware” of Life Argument

“I can see the fingerprints of God When I look at you I can see the fingerprints of God And I know its true You’re a masterpiece That all creation quietly applauds And you’re covered with the fingerprints of God” ~from Fingerprints of God, by Stephen Curtis Chapman     The common scientific view of … Continue reading The “Hardware” of Life Argument

Should Christians Reject the Soul for Biblical Reasons?

Question Dear Dr. Erasmus, Tim Stratton shared your post, Objections to the Existence of the Soul, to the UK Apologetics and Evangelism Facebook group, of which I am a member. In that group, there is a very knowledgeable Christian who does not seem to believe in the existence of a soul yet says he is not a … Continue reading Should Christians Reject the Soul for Biblical Reasons?

Objections to the Existence of the Soul

In a recent blog post, Professor Keith Parsons offers three reasons for why (he thinks) the soul does not exist. (You might recall that Parsons debated William Lane Craig in 1998). Since Parsons’ objections to substance dualism (for simplicity, I will hereafter refer to substance dualism simply as ‘dualism’) seem rather common among lay atheists, … Continue reading Objections to the Existence of the Soul

Emergence (Part 2): Responding to the Atheist Foe

It seems that emergent naturalists want to etch out a middle ground somewhere between reductive materialism and theism. They acknowledge that reductive materialism fails to explain key aspects of reality such as morality and consciousness, but they do not want to go so far as to posit an infinite-personal God who stands above and beyond … Continue reading Emergence (Part 2): Responding to the Atheist Foe

Emergence (Part 1): Friend, or New Atheist Foe?

Introduction & Background Christians have often used objective morality and human consciousness as building blocks from which to craft arguments for God’s existence.[1] This is usually done by arguing that theism provides a better explanation for these two phenomena than the most popular form of naturalism, that is, reductive materialism.[2] Reductive materialism claims that the … Continue reading Emergence (Part 1): Friend, or New Atheist Foe?