A common objection to the notion that a human being is composed of both a material and an immaterial aspect of existence (substance dualism) is the problem of interaction. The naturalist will object and question: “How can an immaterial soul cause matter to do anything?” Even though we have scientific evidence suggesting this occurs, explaining exactly how … Continue reading Substance Dualism, Interaction, & Idealism
Defining Special Pleading Special pleading (also known as a double standard) is an informal fallacy that occurs when an exception is created to a principle, law, rule, generalization, or something roughly similar to these when we would expect that principle (or whatever it may be) to apply to whatever is being excluded and no rational … Continue reading What is Special Pleading?
We’ve made up a lot of “requirements” to being a Christian. For example: Do I really have to believe in a talking snake, angels & demons, a man swallowed whole by a whale, and weird Old Testament laws? Do I have to stop believing in science, evolution, climate change, a universe older than 6,000 years, … Continue reading Start Here
Disclaimer: I am not a politician; I am an aspiring logician who strives to be reasonable. I am not a Republican and I am no Democrat either. I am a freethinking Independent who is not bound by any political dogma. I am not taking political sides in this article, but simply pointing out logical inconsistencies … Continue reading Transgender Bathrooms & Basketball
Determinists determined to defend determinism often counter the Freethinking Argument by proclaiming that computers seem to be rational and they do not possess libertarian free will. They state this is sufficient refutation of premise (3) of the Freethinking Argument, and therefore, the conclusions: free will exists, the soul exists, and naturalism is false, do not follow. This article exposes … Continue reading Robots & Rationality
Heads up: This post contains minor spoilers for Captain America: Civil War (Winter Soldier too). Do we have moral responsibility for our actions if they have been predetermined for us? This question has massive implications on our view of reality and is briefly touched on in Captain America: Civil War. In Captain America: Winter Soldier, … Continue reading Captain America, Bucky, and Moral Responsibility
I asked a friend of mine to explain to me exactly why he is a Christian and why he strives to live in a manner that honors God. Specifically, I asked him this question because I have seen him experience more pain and suffering than most people will ever face. Through his journey of affliction, I’ve … Continue reading Believing in God in the Face of Suffering
Is it logically possible that God exists? That is to say, is the concept of God logically incoherent or not? God is defined as “something which nothing greater can be conceived.” Or rather, in more idiomatic English: “God is the greatest conceivable being.” With this definition in mind, is there anything logically incoherent about the concept of … Continue reading The Ontologi-Kalam-alogical Argument
“Then they devoted all in the city to destruction, both men and women, young and old, oxen, sheep, and donkeys, with the edge of the sword” (Joshua 6:21). Why would God command the execution of all the Canaanites (along with the children) in the Old Testament? Many think this is one of the biggest objections … Continue reading TEN Problems with the Canaanite Objection
Understanding the differences between internal and external critiques is critical for Christian apologists since any and every objection they will face will fall into one of these two categories. Moreover, if one has not sufficiently grasped these concepts, then one will be prone to conflating them or else might have trouble identifying when others commit … Continue reading The Difference Between Internal & External Critiques
Do humans survive the death of their bodies? As a pastor, I have officiated several funerals over the past few years and I have attended many recently. This topic is always sure to come up while talking to the surviving relatives. Questions such as these are regularly asked: Will we see our loved one again? Although the body … Continue reading The Law of Identity & the Human Soul
“If God is all-powerful He cannot be good, if God is good He cannot be all-powerful!” – Lex Luthor in Batman v. Superman: Dawn of Justice Why does Lex think such a thing? He reaches this conclusion based on all the evil and suffering in the world (especially the suffering he experienced as a child). Lex … Continue reading Lex Luthor’s Lousy Logic
Here is a question I received regarding The Freethinking Argument in my article entitled, “Freethinking Atheists are Oxymorons” : In your argument, you make the case that “If the soul does not exist, libertarian free will does not exist.” Underneath that argument, you do not mention the word “soul” again. You go on to argue that rationality … Continue reading How Does a Soul Provide Free Will?
One of the greatest debates behind church doors is regarding the first book of the Bible. Christians are split regarding what the author’s original intent of the first three chapters of Genesis really was. Are these “creation days” supposed to be taken literally? In the book, “The Genesis Debate: Three Views on the days of Creation,” … Continue reading THE GENESIS DEBATE: How Old is the Earth?
Nothing is more exciting than examining the historical evidence of the resurrection of Jesus. Most people are shocked to realize that by employing the historical method, one can conclude that Jesus not only died on a Roman cross but was raised from the dead as well. This is compelling evidence not only that God exists, but also that … Continue reading Is the Cross Cosmic Child Abuse?
So, you want to create your own religion, eh? Well, good for you; you’ve come to the right place. I’ll give you a checklist of things to be sure to avoid so that you will get started on the right foot. Be prepared to have the masses follow you as you gain wealth untold! Practically … Continue reading How NOT to Start a Religion!